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Pipe Spring National Monument

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Phone
Phone:
928-643-7105
Address
401 N. Pipe Spring Road
Fredonia, AZ 86022
Basics
Location:
15 miles west of Fredonia in Northern Arizona
Type:
National Park

Description

Pipe Spring National Monument, a little known part of the National Park System, is rich with American Indian, early explorer and Mormon pioneer history.

The water of Pipe Spring has made it possible for plants, animals, and people to live in this dry, desert region. Ancestral Puebloans and Kaibab Paiute Indians gathered grass seeds, hunted animals, and raised crops near the springs for at least 1,000 years. In the 1860s Mormon pioneers brought cattle to the area and by 1872 a fort was built over the main spring. The fort, called "Winsor Castle" after the first ranch manager, was built by the Mormon Church to be the headquarters of a large cattle ranching operation. This isolated outpost served as a way station for people traveling across the Arizona Strip. (The "Arizona Strip" is that part of Arizona separated from the rest of the state by the Grand Canyon.)

It also served as a refuge for polygamist wives during the 1880's and 1890's. Although their way of life was greatly impacted, the Paiute Indians continued to live in the area and by 1907 the Kaibab Paiute Indian Reservation was established, surrounding the privately owned Pipe Spring ranch. In 1923 the Pipe Spring ranch was purchased and set aside as a national monument.

Today a visitor center and museum (developed in partnership with the Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians), tours of Winsor Castle, summer "living history" demonstrations, an orchard and garden, horses, longhorns and chickens, and a half-mile trail offer a glimpse of American Indian and pioneer life in the Old West.

Hours:
June - Sep.: 7:00 am to 5:00 pm
Sep. - May: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm
Season:
Open year round
Amenities:
Modern Restrooms
Visitor Center
Additional Details:
Pipe Spring National Monument is surrounded by the Kaibab Indian Reservation. The Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians operates a campground 1/4 mile from the monument, as well as a gas station and convenience store. Pipe Spring is also on the way to eight different National Parks and Monuments, all within a 2 hour drive. These include Zion, Bryce Canyon, and Grand Canyon National Parks; Cedar Breaks, Grand Staircase-Escalante, Vermillion Cliffs, and Grand Canyon Parashant National Monuments; and Glen Canyon National Recreation Area.
Basic Directions
To get there from I-15 in Utah, turn onto Hwy 9 in Hurricane, Utah. Take Hwy 59 east out of Hurricane. This road turns into Hwy 389 at the state line. Pipe Spring is 45 miles east of Hurricane.

To get there from Hwy 89 and 89A, turn onto Arizona State Route 389 in Fredonia, Arizona. Pipe Spring is 15 miles west of Fredonia.

Customizable Directions

Formatted DirectionsMap

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